Throughout the reign of Henry V, English construction and architecture were influenced by the events and cultural shifts of the time, most notably the Hundred Years War. The use of materials and architectural styles were largely consistent with the late Medieval period.
Types of Dwellings
The dwellings during Henry V's reign ranged from simple wattle-and-daub huts for the lower classes to timber-framed houses for the middle classes and stone manors and castles for the nobility. Despite the conflicts of the time, domestic architecture experienced some developments with more complex designs and the incorporation of comfort-enhancing features.
The Average Dwelling and Day-to-Day Life
The average dwelling was a two-storey timber-framed house with a thatched roof, where the ground floor served as a workspace and living area, and the upper floor was used for sleeping. Most people were involved in agriculture, leading a rural lifestyle with their daily routines dictated by the seasons.
Significant Building Achievements
Due to the extensive military campaigns, much of the construction during this period was focused on defensive structures, including the strengthening of castles. The Tower of London, for instance, saw significant additions under Henry V.
The UK Population and Its Influence on Society
At this time, the population of England and Wales was estimated to be about 2.2 million. The majority of people lived in rural settings, with urbanisation still in its early stages. This agricultural society influenced the type and distribution of dwellings across the country.
Changes in Society and the Influence of Construction Materials
Society during Henry V's reign was heavily influenced by the ongoing Hundred Years War. Despite the warfare, there were some advancements in building techniques and materials, including a gradual shift towards more brick and stone in construction, especially in more significant buildings and urban areas.