Salt Glazed Brick - A Unique and Durable Building Material
Salt glazed bricks are renowned for their distinctive appearance and exceptional durability. In this article, we will explore the specifications, origin, and common usage of salt glazed bricks. Additionally, we will highlight some famous buildings that exemplify the beauty and historical significance of this unique building material.
Introduction to Salt Glazed Brick
Salt glazed bricks are recognizable by their textured and mottled surface, which results from a special firing process involving the use of salt. These bricks are highly durable and resistant to weathering, making them ideal for various construction applications.
Salt Glazed Brick Specifications
Salt glazed bricks are typically made from clay and feature a characteristic glazed finish. The common sizes for these bricks range from 215mm x 102.5mm x 65mm to 290mm x 140mm x 90mm. There are no specific subcategories or types of salt glazed bricks, as the glazing process is what sets them apart.
Origin of Salt Glazed Brick
Salt glazed bricks have a long history and have been used for centuries in construction. They were commonly employed for structures where durability and resistance to moisture and corrosion were essential.
The origin of salt glazed bricks can be traced back to the 15th century in Europe, particularly in the Netherlands and Germany. During this time, society and culture were experiencing a period of architectural advancement and craftsmanship. The technique of salt glazing involved throwing salt into the kiln during the firing process, creating a chemical reaction that resulted in a glassy coating on the surface of the bricks.
One key feature that makes salt glazed bricks special is their ability to withstand harsh weather conditions and chemical exposure. This durability made them highly sought-after for structures such as chimneys, kilns, and industrial buildings.
Common Structures Built Using Salt Glazed Brick
Salt glazed bricks have found applications in various architectural projects, including:
- Industrial buildings
- Historical landmarks
- Walls and facades
One notable example of a structure constructed using salt glazed bricks is the Beverley Minster in East Yorkshire, England. Built in the 13th century, this magnificent Gothic cathedral showcases the lasting beauty and durability of salt glazed brickwork. The distinctive glazing of the bricks adds to the intricate detailing of the cathedral's façade and contributes to its historical significance.
Another iconic building featuring salt glazed bricks is the Central Park Arsenal in New York City. Completed in 1851, this structure served as a munitions storage facility. The salt glazed bricks used in its construction have withstood the test of time and remain a testament to the resilience and aesthetic appeal of this unique building material.